Say This, Not That
Before giving a defense for our faith, we are instructed to "sanctify the Lord God" in our hearts, which means to set Him above and apart as our ultimate authority. And because Jesus is the truth, our effort to share His Word and Gospel needs to be done in truthfulness. This includes making sure that all of our arguments we use in apologetics are biblically, scientifically, and historically accurate. As a general principle, we must stand strong on the revealed words of Scripture, but hold our theories loosely. While the Bible is the infallible Word of the unchanging God, scientific theories are attempts of fallible men to understand a fallen and cursed creation. This is true of both evolutionists and creationists. However, theories built on the true testimony of the God who has observed all history are sure to be more accurate than those built on unbiblical assumptions about the unobserved past. Nevertheless, some creationist theories and arguments have been replaced as new data have become available, and thus should not be used. Other arguments come from misunderstandings, and should also be rejected. As ambassadors for Christ, we must remember that our focus is winning souls, not arguments.
Evolution is unscientific speculation about the past.
Both evolution and creation are reconstructions of what might have happened in the past, and thus, neither can be directly tested using the scientific method. Unlike biblical creation, however, evolution is only blind speculation which does not adequately explain the scientific data.
Charles Darwin had an unbiblical starting point during life.
Darwin's ideas were heavily influenced by those of others before him, including those of his naturalist grandfather Erasmus Darwin, and those of Charles Lyell, a Scottish lawyer and father of old-earth geology. These influences formed the worldview through which Darwin interpreted both scientific data gathered during his voyage, and the affairs of his own life, such as the death of his daughter Annie. The unbiblical assumptions he adopted became the framework for his evolutionary ideas.
Flood legends confirm the reality of the Global Flood.
Legends of a great flood are found on every continent except Antarctica, and though they are corrupted, they retain many of the details recorded in the biblical account, confirming the reality of the worldwide Flood.
God created the universe in a fully functional state.
Just as God made Adam and Eve as mature adults, so the earth, plants, animals, and celestial bodies were created in a mature, functional state at the beginning. God did not have to wait for plants to grow or for stars to begin fulfilling their purpose as lights for earth, "For He spoke, and it was done; He commanded, and it stood fast" (Psalm 33:9). However, maturity and functionality are different from age and appearance of age.
Given mutation rates, why do apes and humans still exist?
Mutation rates in humans and apes reveal that if either originated millions of years ago, they would both be extinct due to mass genetic defects.
Dinosaurs are recorded as having lived until recent times.
While the word "dinosaur" is not found in any literature until 1841, when the word was coined, a similar word is used to describe potentially the same creatures. The word "dragon" is used in ancient history to denote giant reptiles that inhabited land, sea, and sky, corresponding to extinct dinosaurs, marine reptiles, and pterosaurs. Reports of dragons extend from ancient times to well up into the 17th century, many of which match the various species of dinosaurs we know about from fossil remains.
Continental separation occurred during the Global Flood.
Secular scientists believe that continental drift happened slowly over long periods of time. However, the same scientific evidence for continental separation can be explained as the result of runaway subduction of the earth's plates along with the rapid formation of new oceanic crust at mid- ocean ridges during the catastrophic Global Flood.
A Better Argument
The Wollemi pine tree casts doubt on evolutionary history.
In the Blue Mountains of Australia, a tree claimed to have gone extinct during the so-called Jurassic "period" was found alive, to the shock of the evolutionary scientific community. Some even claimed that the discovery was like "finding a live dinosaur." This find shows the fallacy in attempting to equate rock layers to periods in which evolution supposedly occurred, since its fossils cease to exist past the Jurassic layer, yet the tree exists in the present, essentially identical to its fossil counterparts.
Catastrophic plate tectonics possibly explains the Flood.
Creation scientist Dr. John Baumgardner has purposed a model for the Flood which incorporates the movement of earth's crustal plates and spreading of oceanic crust. The initiation of the Flood with the "fountains of the great deep" breaking up can be interpreted as the breakup of the earth's crust at plate boundaries. As hot mantle rock was exposed to the cool ocean water, steam would have been created and shot high into the atmosphere. These "steam jets" would have supplied the water for the 40 days of torrential rainfall on the earth, as the rapidly spreading and rising ocean floor would catastrophically spill water onto the continents. During the Flood, the originally connected continents are thought to have split apart and moved to their current locations. Psalm 104 tells us that at the end of the Flood, the mountains rose and the valleys sank, causing the waters to recede to their current place in modern ocean basins.
The amount of salt in the ocean supports a young earth.
Given the measured amounts of salt being introduced and removed from the ocean today, the current amount of salt in the world's oceans would have accumulated in only 32 million years. Though this date is obtained assuming no salt in the originally created oceans and no Global Flood, and is thus is greatly inflated, it is much too young to be compatible with the evolutionary story. Evolutionary scientists claim that the oceans are more than 3.5 billion years old, but if they were, then they would be too salty to support life. Sea saltiness supports a young age of the earth.
Paluxy River footprints are evidence of a Global Flood.
The widespread nature of the Glen Rose Formation which contains the footprints, evidence consistent with formation in moving water, the sporadic nature of the trackways, and the varying depths of the footprints (indicating fluctuating water levels) are consistent with having been left and rapidly covered during the rising and prevailing stages of the Global Flood of Noah's day.
Evolution is just a theory.
Though this argument is earnest, evolutionists readily respond to it by pointing out that a theory is a well-substantiated idea that is consistent with the data from observational science. However, evolution does not fit these criteria, and thus, is not truly a scientific theory.
Charles Darwin recanted evolution on his deathbed.
Originating from a woman named Lady Hope who claimed to visit Darwin before his death, this story became popular shortly thereafter. However, his family, including his deeply-religious wife, deny that Darwin ever recanted or trusted in Christ. The effectiveness of this argument is also questionable, being that Darwin did not invent evolution per se, but popularized a particular version of it. Regardless, rejection by a major supporter or advocate does not falsify an idea.
Ron Wyatt discovered Noah's Ark on Mount Ararat.
Scientific studies of Wyatt's Noah's Ark site have revealed that the "boat-like" formation is a actually a natural geologic formation. Supposed relics and patterns at the site have also been refuted by further investigation.
God created the universe and earth to look old.
This argument assumes that the earth looks old, thereby demonstrating trust in secular dating methods. The earth only "looks old" to those who have been taught to think that physical processes can only happen at uniform rates over time, an idea known as uniformitarianism. However, the same data interpreted as evidence for an old earth can be explained as the results of catastrophic processes, such as the Global Flood.
If we evolved from apes, why do apes still exist?
Since evolutionary theory holds that apes and humans share a common ancestor, not that apes evolved into humans, this argument is ineffective.
Dinosaurs were only overgrown modern reptiles.
While it is correct that many reptiles continue to grow throughout their lifespans, they never change into anything other than their own kind of reptile. Giant lizards are just giant lizards, not dinosaurs. Dinosaurs are of an entirely different order of reptiles than lizards and crocodiles, having their legs underneath their bodies rather than sprawled out to the sides. A change from lizard to dinosaur would actually be an evolutionary change; not warranted by Scripture or the observable scientific data.
Continental drift occurred during the days of Peleg.
In Genesis 10:25 and 1 Chronicles 1:19 we are told of the patriarch, "Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided." Though some interpret this verse as describing the separation of the earth's continents, this verse is best understood as referring to the division of the people according to their languages following the Tower of Babel incident in Genesis 11.
Not Advised Due to Uncertainty
The Zuiyo Maru fishing trawler caught a dead plesiosaur.
Further research showed that the famous Zuiyo Maru carcass was really the rotting remains of a basking shark. A horny protein in the carcass was shown to be very similar to elastoidin, a protein found only in sharks. In addition to this, the observed decay of basking shark carcasses has been shown to produce forms that greatly resemble plesiosaurs. Since the carcass no longer exists, and therefore cannot be studied further in the present, it is best for creationists to avoid using this argument.
The canopy model provides the water for the Global Flood.
Once a major part of the creation model, this idea has been rejected by a majority of creation scientists for biblical and scientific reasons. Genesis 1:6-8 speaks of waters above the firmament, which creationists once interpreted as a vapor canopy above the earth's atmosphere which fell, providing much of the water for the Flood. However, in Genesis 1:14-17, we are told that God placed the sun, moon, and stars in the firmament, thus meaning that the "waters above" exist beyond these bodies. This cannot possibly be referring to a vapor canopy. It has also been pointed out by creation scientists that a vapor canopy would create a green-house effect, greatly increasing the earth's temperature. In order to overcome this effect, the canopy's capacity would have to be reduced to approximately 20 inches of rain, insufficient to provide water for a year-long, mountain-covering Global Flood.
Moon dust thickness supports a young solar system.
Before the moon missions, NASA was concerned that their spacecraft would sink in the meteoric dust which they believed had been deposited in great quantities over millions of years. Biblical creationists were thrilled when it was shown that little dust had accumulated, seemingly falsifying the predictions of long age advocates. However, later research showed that it is not possible to accurately measure the rate of dust accumulation on the moon, so neither young universe nor old universe supporters can make predictions that can be proven or falsified.
Paluxy tracks prove the coexistence of man and dinosaurs.
Though many leading creationists used to promote this argument, further research has suggested that the "human tracks" may actually be three-toed dinosaur footprints that "slumped in" shortly after being left in the soft sediment, and have since been partially eroded, leaving only toeless impressions resembling human footprints. Due to uncertainty, and the fact that the tracks are quickly destroyed, it is best to avoid this argument.